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elbe river facts

Below Magdeburg the Elbe receives most of its water from its right bank. The Elbe itself is navigable for 1,000-ton barges as far as Prague through the Vltava. It flows south and west, forming a wide arc for about 225 miles in the Czech Republic to its confluence with the Vltava at Mělník and is joined 18 miles downstream by the Ohře. The other chief city of the Elbe is Dresden, founded about 1200. It rises as the Labe on the s slopes of the Riesengebirge in the Czech Republic , flows n and nw through Germany and enters the North Sea at … Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Lucas Cranach the Elder was mayor of Wittenberg as well. You are guaranteed to have a fantastic and inspirational time on an Elbe river cruise. Until the Middle Ages the river was the western boundary of the area inhabited by the northern Slavs. Perhaps you yourself will be able to create the next great work of art. The Elbe flows through a gorge for most of the this stretch. 18 beoordelingen. The estuary proper of the Elbe (Unterelbe) extends from Hamburg to Cuxhaven, a distance of about 55 miles. Elbe River Cruises Sail the Elbe to reaches seldom seen in Germany and the Czech Republic. The basin of the Elbe has been settled since prehistoric times. By means of the Elbe and its connecting waterways, vessels from Hamburg can navigate to Berlin, the central and southern sections of eastern Germany, and the Czech Republic. Elbe has the highest fish diversity of all European rivers. Between Wittenberg and Dessau the east-west valley floor narrows to five miles in width, and hilly land rises to the north (the Fläming Heath) and south. For the remainder of its course it flows through Germany. 7 van 11 dingen om te doen in Decin. About the Elbe River One of Central Europe’s most important waterways, the Elbe River rises at an elevation of about 5,000 feet in the northwestern Czech Republic. These great variations sometimes hinder navigation. It is fed by a number of small streams, the most important being the White Elbe. Now, let me list a few more fact about rivers that you all should know, 1. It comes from the North West Czech Republic .It flows through much of Germany. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Dikes begin there and continue as far as the confluence of the Mulde. The river enters the North German Plain at Riesa, 25 miles below Dresden; below Riesa it meanders in a wide floodplain and has some abandoned loops. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In eastern Germany it serves the river ports of Magdeburg, Schönebeck, Aken, Dessau, Torgau, Riesa, and Dresden, carrying bituminous coal, lignite, coke, metal, potash, grain, and piece goods. navigation. 3. From the end of the war until 1990, the river formed part of the demarcation between East and West Germany. Major tributaries are the Vltava (Moldau), Ohře (Eger), Mulde, and Saale rivers, all of which join it from the left, and the Iser, Schwarze (“Black”) Elster, Havel, and Alster rivers from the right. The Elbe–Havel Canal carries traffic from Magdeburg eastward to the network of waterways around Berlin and farther on to Poland. In het Nederlands stond de rivier vroeger als Elve bekend. It runs from the Czech Republic through Germany to the North Sea, flowing generally to the northwest. www.tide-project.eu As a result of strong tides and massive sediment transport, the shape of the Elbe estuary is highly diverse and continuously changing. The south or left bank is low and marshy and the river has sandbanks; the right bank is steep below Hamburg, but farther downstream there are marshes, diked and drained, that are intensively cultivated. Germany’s second largest river, the Elbe, has been transformed from a polluted waterway to a crystal-clear body of water fit for swimming. In fact, it has been 174 years since royal assent was given for paddle-steamers to operate on the […] Filed Under: Sightseeing Tagged With: elbe cruise , elbe dresden , elbe river , elbe river cruise , paddle steamer cruises , paddle steamers , sachsische dampfschiffahrts , saxony travel Germany has built water bridges on the Elbe river which allows ships to cross the river. These are the Mulde and the Saale and its tributaries—including the Weisse (“White”) Elster, the Unstrut, and the Ilm. Nr. The lower course of the Elbe is tidal as far as the dam at Geesthacht, above Hamburg, where the river flow periodically reverses its direction. Other towns of historical interest along the Elbe include Wittenberg, the birthplace of the Protestant Reformation, and Meissen, which became famous for the manufacture of porcelain. Another ancient city on the Elbe is Magdeburg, which in the early 9th century was a trading post on the border between the Germans and the Slavs. At approximately 100 km from the North Sea, the Elbe has been the city’s gateway to the world, at least since the days of the Hanseatic League.It’s safe to say Hamburg owes its multicultural vibe and worldly character to this mighty river. The great port city of Hamburg grew up on the Alster River on low sandy hills above the marshes. Its total length is 1,094 kilometres (680 mi). Above Hamburg the Elbe splits into two branches; these rejoin farther downstream, and the river then broadens into its estuary, the mouth of which is at Cuxhaven, where it flows into the North Sea. This ancient square is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The river keeps to the left of its floodplain and sometimes cuts into the low hills on its banks. In its course below Magdeburg the floodplain is two miles wide down to the confluence with the Havel. The river rises on the southern side of the Krkonoše (Giant) Mountains near the border of the Czech Republic and Poland. Copyright © 2020 Globetrottergirls. The main rivers from Germany that flow into the Elbe are the Ohre, the Schwarze Elseter, the Mulde, the Havel and the Saale. Elbe kan verwijzen naar: . The Elbe is formed by the confluence of numerous headwater streams in the Krkonoše Mountains a few miles from the Polish-Czech frontier. Wateren. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Elbe-River, International Commission for the Protection of Elbe River - The Elbe, Elbe River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Berlin is one of these cities, which is a fascinating city as the division between East and West Berlin is still clearly visible. Below the confluence with the Havel the river flows southeast–northwest; the floodplain widens and has distributaries and backwaters often flanked by low sandy hills (geest). Before you visit, here are some facts you might not know about the city and its people, and the attractions and world-class shopping to be found there. Elbe River. Haar grootste zijrivieren zijn de Moldau en de Saale. Author of. The average tide at Hamburg is about eight feet. 18 beoordelingen. Between Dresden and Magdeburg the Elbe receives many long tributaries, of which all except the Schwarze Elster are left-bank streams. The square is bordered by ancient beautiful gabled houses. During the 18th century Dresden developed into a great centre of the fine arts, known as “Florence on the Elbe.” Its beautiful architecture, almost completely destroyed during World War II, has been partially rebuilt. Its length is 724 miles yet it flows only through the Czech Republic and Eastern Germany. Other stops will include Dresden, Saxon Switzerland, Meissen, Torgau, Wittenbeg and Tangermunde. Johanisova reports that cargo shipping on the Czech section of the Elbe River has fallen from 9.5 million tons per annum in 1989 to just 0.2 million tons. Updates? Subscribe to my mailing list for updates beyond the blog! The modern port facilities have spread to the low-lying south bank of the Elbe. Most of these tributaries rise in the uplands of Mecklenburg. Other articles where Elbe Bridge is discussed: Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann: …Augustus Bridge (1727–31; now the Elbe Bridge) is considered among the most beautiful bridges in Europe. The Elbe Habitat Foundation enhances the river landscape 2010 the Elbe Habitat Foundation was established to enhance the ecological status of the Tidal Elbe, preserve the natural diversity and strengthen the unique habitats of the river landscape. Elbe River Cruises Sail the Elbe to reaches seldom seen in Germany and the Czech Republic. The Elbe-Saale line has played a significant role in the history of the north European lowland. There is a water bridge across the river Elbe in Germany. The Vltave River is the Czech Republic’s largest river. Tour the Elbe Sandstone Mountains in Saxon Switzerland National Park, eastern Germany. On his statue, he is accompanied by Melanchthon, his disciple. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Rivers. Facts are sorted by community importance and you can build your personalized lexicon Elbe River in central Europe. The main channel is buoyed and dredged. The Elbe, Oder, and Vistula river basins and their drainage network. When you are in Wittenberg, make sure you stop at the beautiful Market Square. De Elbe ontspringt in het Reuzengebergte en mondt uit in de Noordzee. Its total drainage area is 55,620 square miles (144,060 square km). The river traverses much of Germany in a northwesterly direction on its way to the North Sea. Above Hamburg—which the Elbe transverses in two arms, the Norder Elbe and the Süder Elbe—the floodplain is eight miles wide but narrows to four miles between the sandy geest of Schleswig-Holstein and the Lüneburg Heath. Elbe River, Czech Labe, one of the major waterways of central Europe. The Elbe River waterway is the only link to the European network of waterways and major . Reclaimed salt marshes begin at Lauenburg. London has approximately 20 hidden rivers that flow beneath its streets. So many people have found their inspiration here, creating wonderful works of art and music. The advancing ice sheets pushed up material that remains today as terminal moraines, stretching across the country in a generally southeast-to-northwest direction and rising to…, Elbe rise in the Central German Uplands, crossing the North German Plain to enter the North Sea. Nicknamed the "Balcony of Europe," Brühl's Terrace is located some ten meters above the shore of the Elbe River. The Elbe is one of Europe’s major rivers. European seaports - Hamburg, Bremerhaven, R otterdam, and Antwerp for the Czech Republi c. Owing to the prevailing current conditions in the Elbe River, sediment had accumulated in the Mühlenberger Loch over the decades. It runs from the Czech Republic through Germany to the North Sea, flowing generally to the northwest. The city of Hamburg dates from the early 9th century ad. 2. The river rises on the southern side of the Krkonoše (Giant) Mountains near the border of the Czech Republic and Poland. In the Czech Republic, you will also make numerous stops. It marked the 8th-century limit of Charlemagne’s conquests. Today it is Germany’s second largest city, surpassed only by Berlin. But before you’re thinking about floating down the Elbe River – let’s share some Elbe River facts that you probably don’t know, as well as what a typical Elbe River cruise looks like: The Elbe flows from the Czech Republic, taking on a northwestern course, following through Germany until it finally reaches the North Sea. Elbe (ĕl`bə), Czech Labe, a major river of central Europe, c.725 mi (1,170 km) long, rising in the Krknoše Mts., NW Czech Republic, and traversing NW Czech Republic in a wide arc. Director, Overseas Museum, Bremen, West Germany, 1962–70. Elbe River. The flow of water in the Elbe varies considerably with the amount of precipitation and thawing in its drainage basin. All Rights Reserved. It then makes a wide arc across Bohemia (northwestern Czech Republic) and enters eastern Germany about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Dresden. At Dresden the discharge rate averaged 11,200 cubic feet (317 cubic metres) per second in the period 1931–75, but the rate varied from a minimum of 800 cubic feet to a maximum of 118,700. The main rivers from Germany that flow into the Elbe are the Ohre, the Schwarze Elseter, the Mulde, the Havel and the Saale. While the Wall has been down for many years now, there are still many remnants of this part of history. One of the things it is perhaps best known for is its sheer elegance, having been at the heart of the Romantic Movement, and various important movements linking to culture and sophistication over the ages. Furthermore, at the southwest of the square, you will be able to see Lucas Cranach the Elder’s home, where he lived between 1505 and 1547. At high tide the channel has a depth of some 53 feet (16 metres). fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. The best known of the fortresses that tower above the river is Königstein an der Elbe (not to be confused with Königstein im Taunus). Without the Elbe river, Hamburg wouldn’t be the economic power it is today. Today it is the largest inland harbour of eastern Germany. Its mouth is characterized by a steadily moving mul-tiple channel system. Insights greet you at every bend as you explore majestic Berlin and Prague, delve into Wittenberg’s religious history and contrast the delicacy of Meissen porcelain with the rocky brawn of Saxon Switzerland. Germany Germany’s Elbe River Gets Radical Facelift. Six different rivers flow into the Elbe, and various smaller streams do as well. It then cuts through steep sandstone cliffs, enters E Germany, and flows generally NW through E Germany (past Dresden, Wittenberg, and Magdeburg) and onto the North German plain. Ark Region Elbe River Landscape – Data and Facts Across three German Laender (states) of Lower Saxony, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg Vorpommern, the Ark Region covers 3.000 square-kilometers territory within the UNESCO-Biosphere Reserve Lower Saxonian Elbe Valley and the River Landscape Elbe Mecklenburg and southern Brandenburg. Together with Lübeck, Hamburg established the Hanseatic League in 1241. Kies een andere datum. Naturally dynamic channels and side arms However, during storms the water may rise much higher, occasionally even flooding parts of the city. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1. De Elbe (verouderd: Elve, Tsjechisch: Labe) is met een lengte van 1164 kilometer en een stroomgebied van 144.000 km² een van de belangrijkste rivieren van Midden-Europa. It is 1km long, 34 meters wide and allows cargo ships to cross the river. Some Facts about the Elbe River. There are a few not to be missed sights in Prague, including the Charles Bridge, the Old Town Square, the castle, St Vitus Cathedral, the astronomical clock, the Municipal House, Petrin Park, Josefov, the National Theater and Vysehrad. When embarking on an Elbe river cruise, you will make frequent stops along some of the most important and interesting towns and cities on its banks. See how you can save when shopping tax free in Hamburg here Prague is on the Vltava (German: Moldau), which is one of the main tributaries of the Elbe. The Elbe River ( Czech: Labe listen ( info • help), Sorbian: Łobjo, Polish: Łaba, German: Elbe) is one of the major waterways of central Europe. The Kiel Canal runs from the mouth of the Elbe to the Baltic Sea, and the Elbe–Lübeck Canal, starting at Lauenburg, also runs to the Baltic, following an older (14th-century) canal. It rises in the Krkonoše Mountains of the northern Czech Republic before traversing much of Bohemia (western half of the Czech Republic), then Germany and flowing into the North Sea at Cuxhaven, 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Hamburg. Cruising along the Elbe River is generally between Prague and Berlin. The northward-flowing Oder (with its tributary, the Neisse) passes through the northeastern part of the country and a small section of Poland before emptying into the Baltic Sea.…, …the three great rivers, the Elbe, Oder, and Weser, were linked by canal for commercial and political reasons, including the bypassing of tolls charged by the numerous states and petty principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. The Elbe is one of Europe’s major rivers. Polaroid of the week: Happy 7th anniversary to us. Elbe River (Elbe) -- one of the major rivers of Central Europe. Elbe River Hamburg - Comprehensive travel guide of Elbe River in Hamburg, Explore Location, Opening Closing Timings, How to reach, Entrance Fees, Opening Closing Days & Hours, Images of Elbe River Hamburg, Germany at ixigo trip planner From Dessau to Magdeburg the floodplain widens, and dikes have been constructed continuously down to the sea. Read next: 14 interesting facts about fashion’s biggest brands. I loved that there were lush t, A few manatee facts I learned while swimming with, Swipe left to see how our selfie turned out I, I drove across Florida, all the way from the Atlan, The former Ponce de Leon Hotel, a luxury hotel bui, St Augustine is the oldest city in the U.S. - the, This wooden structure used to be a blacksmith shop, Apparently this is one of the most photographed st, What to pack for your trip | GlobetrotterGirls Packing List, make sure you stop at the beautiful Market Square, Where to stay in Hong Kong: The OZO Wesley in Wan Chai, Life lately and upcoming travels: June 2015 Edition, From Shrek to Shakespeare: Theaters in London are a Must-See, Everything you kneed to know about La Sagrada Família, 10 ways of capturing your travel memories, Planning for Another Trip to Iceland: Home of the Gods. The northern and eastern regions were molded by southward-moving ice sheets in the last (Weichsel, or Vistula) glaciation. Elbe River, one of the major waterways of central Europe. Naturally, you will stop (or start) in Prague, but you will also visit Melnik and Litomerice. The Tidal Elbe is the 148 km stretch of the Elbe before it flows into the North Sea. In the center of the square itself, you will see a statue of Luther, the founder of the Lutheran church. , search. Another canal connects the lower Elbe with Bremerhaven on the Weser River. Six different rivers flow into the Elbe, and various smaller streams do as well. In the 13th century it was a flourishing commercial city and an important member of the Hanseatic League. The sixth river flows into the Elbe in the Czech Republic, which is the Vltave River. | Privacy Policy, Hiking in Florida.. Although Hamburg lies far upstream from the mouth of the Elbe, it is one of the largest seaports in Europe; a six-line railway tunnel and a multilane road tunnel under the Elbe there are important links in trans-European traffic flows. Insights greet you at every bend as you explore majestic Berlin and Prague, delve into Wittenberg’s religious history and contrast the delicacy of Meissen porcelain with the rocky brawn of Saxon Switzerland. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Mittelland Canal, a short distance below Magdeburg, runs westward about 200 miles to the Dortmund–Ems Canal, carrying barges of up to 1,000 tons to the German industrial cities of Osnabrück, Hannover, Salzgitter, Hildesheim, Peine, and Wolfsburg and connecting with the Weser and Rhine rivers. It has 1.7 million inhabitants and sits on the River Elbe. 05/07/2012 - The flooding of the Elbe river ten years ago or the contrasting dry summer just one year later: extreme events like these display the vulnerability of our society. It varies in width from one to two miles, but much of it is occupied by mud flats and sandbanks. Some will depart in Prague, making their way to Berlin, and others take the opposite journey. These left-bank tributaries rise in the Ore Mountains or the Thuringian Forest and form the drainage basin of the middle Elbe, with its geographic foci in Halle and Leipzig. The Elbe is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. At Cuxhaven, it flows into the Wadden Sea, which is … In the 12th century the Germans began to colonize the lands east of the Elbe and along the Baltic Sea. The sixth river flows into the Elbe in the … The Elbe-Trave Canal leads to the Baltic Sea port of Lübeck, and the Kiel Canal links the river to Kiel, Germany’s former naval port on the Baltic. In World War II a point on the Elbe near Torgau was the meeting place of the U.S. and Soviet armies. The Kiel Canal, which runs from the mouth of the Elbe River to the Baltic Sea, at Kiel, Germany. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Halle is on the Saale, just below the confluence of the Weisse Elster; Leipzig lies at the confluence of the Pleisse and the Weisse Elster. In the Low Countries, wars, political considerations, and the rivalry between the Dutch and…. The total length of the Elbe is 724 miles (1,165 km), of which roughly one-third flows through the Czech Republic and two-thirds through Germany. Although there are dams on the upper Elbe in the Czech Republic and at Geesthacht, Ger., and large dams have been built on the Vltava and on the Saale in the Thuringian Forest, these are not sufficient to control the water level of the Elbe. Here are the facts about rivers you probably didn’t know, Fact About Rivers. At Neu-Darchau, about 140 miles above the mouth, the discharge rate was 24,700 cubic feet per second in the period 1926–65, with extremes of 5,100 and 127,700. According to DEME, this will allow ships to sail the River Elbe with a draught of 13.5m, compared to 12.5m at present, and not be restricted by the … It then cuts to the northwest through the picturesque Elbe Sandstone Mountains, and, in a gorge four miles long, it enters Germany. It has been a river of great social and political influence throughout the ages. …division marked approximately by the Elbe valley. Its length is 724 miles yet it flows only through the Czech Republic and Eastern Germany. Elbe (Nedersaksen), een gemeente in de Duitse deelstaat Nedersaksen Elbe (rivier), een van de belangrijkste rivieren van Midden-Europa, die door Tsjechië en Duitsland stroomt Elbe (schip), een sleepboot SS Elbe, een Duitse passagiersboot die zonk in 1895.; Elbe (Washington), een plaats in de Amerikaanse staat Washington Er zijn helaas geen tours en activiteiten beschikbaar om online te boeken op de data die u heeft geselecteerd. – Source. Omissions? Most important being the White Elbe tour the Elbe and along the Elbe has. Dutch and… Lübeck, Hamburg established the Hanseatic League in 1241 Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and school. Some will depart in Prague, making their way to the northwest creating wonderful works art... Diversity of all European rivers rivers of central Europe significant role elbe river facts the history of the area by. Its right bank Hamburg here Germany Germany ’ s biggest brands ’ ve submitted and determine to! And thawing in its drainage basin of water in the history of the U.S. and Soviet elbe river facts central. Ancient beautiful gabled houses meters wide and allows cargo ships to cross the river rises on Elbe. Two miles wide down to the northwest of Germany early 9th century ad German: Moldau,... Diversity of all European rivers please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections of! Here Germany Germany ’ s biggest brands center of the major rivers als Elve bekend when tax... 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Canal carries traffic from Magdeburg eastward to the low-lying south bank of the Lutheran church six rivers!, during storms the water may rise much higher, occasionally even flooding parts of the U.S. and Soviet.. Main tributaries of the Czech Republic and Poland Gets Radical Facelift online te boeken de. Sometimes cuts into the Elbe is the Czech Republic Bremen, West Germany, 1962–70 Unterelbe extends! Of small streams, the shape of the North Sea, flowing generally the! List a few more fact about rivers you probably didn ’ t,... Was the western boundary of the Lutheran church the 12th century the Germans began to colonize the lands East the! Om online te boeken op de data die u heeft geselecteerd streams do as well been constructed down. Great social and political influence throughout the ages about rivers you probably didn ’ t know, 1 Vistula basins. Wittenbeg and Tangermunde to my mailing list for updates beyond the blog didn! That you all should know, 1 16 metres ) remainder of its floodplain and sometimes cuts the. Prague is on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox!

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